Parkinson's disease stroke amyotrophic lateral sclerosis dementia How does the presence of a tracheotomy tube influence swallowing performance? Your browser either does not support scripting or you have turned scripting off. So, the Submit Answers for Grading button below will not work. The following Submit Answers for Grading button is provided in its place and will clear your answers: The Clear Answers and Start Over feature requires scripting to function. So, the Clear Answers and Start Over button below will not work.
The following Clear Answers button is provided in its place and will clear your answers:. Chapter Multiple Choice Questions. In terms of the scope of practice for speech-language pathologists, the evaluation and treatment of clients with dysphagia:. Food and liquids are prepared and manipulated into a cohesive ball called which of the following? What is the closest estimate to the average number of times a human swallows in one day? The pharyngeal phase initiates as the bolus reaches the:.
Which of the following is NOT a protective movement that takes place during bolus transit?The psycholinguistics of bilingualism - neurolinguistics
Which phase of normal swallowing usually takes the longest amount of time to complete? What term describes when food or liquid materials move below the level of the true vocal folds into the airway?
During which phase is there the greatest threat of materials entering the airway? In which of the following phases of swallowing is a speech-language pathologist NOT typically involved? What disease has the common symptom of drooling? Parkinson's disease. How does the presence of a tracheotomy tube influence swallowing performance? Who is the professional most responsible for the evaluation of clients with suspected dysphagia?
What does the term instrumental examination mean?
Influencial Factors of Language Development in Hindi. Learning and Acquisition in Hindi mins. Learning and Acquisition - 2 in Hindi mins. Principales of Language Teaching in Hindi mins. Principales of Language Teaching Part-2 in Hindi mins. Maxims of Language Teaching in Hindi mins. Functions of Language in Hindi mins.
Influencial Factors of Language Development in Hindi mins. Role of Grammar in Language Learning in Hindi mins. Language Skills in Hindi mins. Language Skills Part-2 in Hindi mins. Language Skills Part-3 in Hindi mins. Language Skills Part-4 in Hindi mins. Language Skills Part-5 mins. Language Skills Part-6 in Hindi mins. Language Skills Part-7 in Hindi mins. Language Skills Part-8 in Hindi mins.
Remedial Teaching in Hindi mins. Remedial Teaching Part-2 in Hindi mins. Remedial Teaching Part-3 in Hindi mins. Remedial Teaching Part-4 in Hindi mins. Teaching Aids in Hindi mins. Teaching Aids Part-2 in Hindi mins. Teaching Aids Part-3 in Hindi mins. Teaching Aids Part-4 in Hindi mins.These types of functions are known as. This is known as:. These functions are normally associated with which area of the brain? Dementia is one which is characterised by which of the following:.
Which of the following is a specific cause that has been identified? Which Part of the brain does this refer to? The infectious agent in vCJD is thought to be which of the following? Deficits in this collection of integrated skills involves which kind of training:. A treatment used with aphasic patients required to communicate without gesturing or pointing is known as:.
One such technique is the use of:. Limb apraxia is a common symptom of left hemisphere damage and consists of a deficit in performing gestures to verbal command or imitation.
The Ultimate Linguistic Quiz!
You should still be able to navigate through these materials but selftest questions will not work. These types of functions are known as a Directive functions b Executive functions c Management functions d Slave functions Correct! Executive Functioning: Processes that are involved in planning and attentional control Incorrect. This is known as: a anterograde amnesia b retrograde amnesia c postevent amnesia d antenatal amnesia Correct!
Anterograde amnesia: Memory loss for information acquired after the onset of amnesia. This is known as: a Retrograde memory dysfunction b Postevent memory dysfunction c Anterograde memory dysfunction. Anterograde memory dysfunction: Memory loss for information acquired after the onset of amnesia. Aphasia: A speech disorder resulting in difficulties producing or comprehending speech. Fluent aphasia: The production of incoherent, jumbled speech Incorrect.
Nonfluent aphasia: An inability to initiate speech or respond to speech with anything other than simple words Incorrect.Welcome to a brief test on Linguistics. It contains different questions about the study of language, phonemes, and theory of language. So, jump right in, and enjoy the quiz! Forgot your password? Speak now. The Ultimate Linguistic Quiz! Please take the quiz to rate it. All questions 5 questions 6 questions 7 questions 8 questions 9 questions 10 questions 11 questions 12 questions 13 questions 14 questions 15 questions 16 questions 17 questions 18 questions 19 questions 20 questions.
Feedback During the Quiz End of Quiz. Play as Quiz Flashcard. Title of New Duplicated Quiz:. Duplicate Quiz Cancel. More Linguistics Quizzes. What's Your Linguistic IQ? Linguistics Quiz. Random Linguistics Terminology 1. Featured Quizzes. Related Topics. Questions and Answers. Remove Excerpt. Removing question excerpt is a premium feature. What is the study of languages? Phonetics is the study of the sounds of language.
What do we call to this sounds? What is the study of language as it pertains to social classes, ethnic groups, and genders? The English language begins with the Anglo-Saxons. InEnglish replaces Latin as the language of instruction in most schools. Next, we have the latynx, or voice box.
This are sound made with air passing through the nose. The sounds made by holding the lips together and then releasing the sound, such as p and b. This is how we make an f sound. Sounds k, g, and ng are made with this. Back to top. Sign In with your ProProfs account. Not registered yet?
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Played 43 times. Print Share Edit Delete. Live Game Live. Finish Editing. This quiz is incomplete! To play this quiz, please finish editing it. Delete Quiz. Question 1. Psycholinguistics is interdisciplinary in nature and is studied by people in one particular field. Which of the following does not belong to the group? This concerns with the study of speech sounds. It is the study of word structures, especially the relationships between related words.
This deals with the meaning of words and sentences. This is concerned with the role of context in the interpretation of meaning. Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. Language is used by humans for communication. Language is arbitrary. Language is symbolic. Language consists of various sound symbols to denote some objects, occurrence or meanings.Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive, produce and use words to understand and communicate.
It involves the picking up of diverse capacities including syntax, phoneticsand an extensive vocabulary. However, learning a first language is something that every normal child does successfully without much need for formal lessons. Most children in a linguistic community seem to succeed in converging on a grammatical system equivalent to everyone else in the community with few wrong turns, which is quite remarkable considering the pitfalls and complexity of the system.
By the time a child utters a first word, according to the Linguistic Society of America, he or she has already spent many months playing around with the sounds and intonations of language,  but there is still no one point at which all children learn to talk. Children acquire language in stages and different children reach various stages at different times, although they have one thing in common and that is that typically developing children learning the same language will follow an almost identical pattern in the sequence of stages they go through.
The stages usually consist of:. Language acquisition is a complex and unique human quality for which there is still no theory that is able to completely explain how language is attained.
However most of the concepts and theories we do have explaining how native languages are acquired go back to the approaches put forward by researchers such as Skinner, Chomsky, Piaget and others. Most of the modern theories we have today have incorporated aspects of these theories into their various findings.
In a piece of literature appeared that would come to affect how we view language, human behaviour and language learning. F Skinner's Verbal Behaviour applied a functional analysis approach to analyze language behaviour in terms of their natural occurrence in response to environmental circumstances and the effects they have on human interactions.
Operational conditioning refers to a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behaviour. Behaviour operates on the environment to bring about favorable consequences or avoid adverse ones. These same ideas of operant conditioning can also be applied to language acquisition because Skinner believed that language could be treated like any other kind of cognitive behaviour.
According to the behaviourist theory, language learning is a process of habit formation that involves a period of trial and error where the child tries and fails to use correct language until it succeeds. Infants also have human role models in their environment that provide the stimuli and rewards required for operant conditioning. For example, if a child starts babblings, which resembles appropriate words, then his or her babbling will be rewarded by a parent or loved one by positive reinforcement such as a smile or clap.
Since the babblings were rewarded, this reward reinforces further articulations of the same sort into groupings of syllables and words in a similar situation Demirezen, Before long children will take on the imitation or modeling component of Skinner's theory of language acquisition in which children learn to speak by copying the utterances heard around them and by having their responses strengthened by the repetitions, corrections and other reactions that adults provide.
However, before a child can begin to speak, they first start by listening to the sounds in their environment for the first years of their life. Gradually, the child learns to associate certain sounds with certain situations such as the sound of endearment a mother produces when feeding her child.
These sounds then become pleasurable for the child on their own without being accompanied by food and eventually the child will attempt to imitate these sounds to invite the attention of his mother or another adult. If these sounds resemble that of adult language the mother will respond with reward and the operant conditioning process begins.
Noam Chomsky's innateness theory or nativist theory proposes that children have an inborn or innate faculty for language acquisition that is biologically determined. According to Goodlucknativists view language as a fundamental part of the human genome, as a trait that makes humans human, and its acquisition is a natural part of maturation. The child's brain is then able to interpret what she or he hears according to the underlying principles or structures it already contains Linden, Chomsky believed that all human languages share common principles, such as all languages have verbs and nouns, and it was the child's task to establish how the specific language she or he hears expresses these underlying principles.
Yang also believes that children also initially possess, then subsequently develop, an innate understanding or hypothesis about grammar regardless of where they are raised. Children under the age of three usually don't speak in full sentences and instead say things like "want cookie" but yet you would still not hear them say things like "want my" or "I cookie" because statements like this would break the syntactic structure of the phrase, a component of universal grammar. Another argument of the nativist or innate theory is that there is a critical period for language acquisition, which is a time frame during which environmental exposure is needed to stimulate an innate trait.
Linguist Eric Lenneberg in postulated that the critical period of language acquisition ends around the age of 12 years. He believed that if no language was learned before then, it could never be learned in a normal and functional sense. It was termed the critical period hypothesis and since then there has been a few case examples of individuals being subject to such circumstances such as the girl known as Genie who raised in an abusive environment to age 13, which didn't allow her to develop language skills.
Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist who was famous for his four stages of cognitive development for children, which included the development of language. However, children do not think like adults and so before they can begin to develop language they must first actively construct their own understanding of the world through their interactions with their environment. A child has to understand a concept before he or she can acquire the particular language which expresses that concept.
For example, a child first becomes aware of a concept such as relative size and only afterward do they acquire the words and patterns to convey that concept. Essentially it is impossible for a young child to voice concepts that are unknown to them; therefore, once a child learns about their environment, then they can map language onto their prior experience. An infant's experience of a cat is that it meows, is furry and eats from a bowl in the kitchen; hence they develop the concept of cat first and then learn to map the word "kitty" onto that concept.